Sudden Cardiac Arrest is the condition in which the heart unexpectedly ceases to function. When this occurs, blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs, causing loss of consciousness or seizure-like activity in seconds.
If not treated within minutes, SCA results in death. The normal rhythm of the heart can only be restored with defibrillation, an electrical shock delivered to the chest by an Automated External Defibrillator (AED). SCA is indiscriminate to age, race or gender and kills over 300,000 Americans each year. Victims may never experience warning signs.
(1) Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick. Often, only one part of the heart is thicker than the other parts. The thickening can make it harder for blood to leave the heart, forcing the heart to work harder to pump blood. It also can make it harder for the heart to relax and fill with blood.
(2) Anomalous Coronary Artery: The coronary arteries deliver blood to the heart. When they are malformed or abnormal, the flow of oxygen to the heart is compromised.
(3) Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) The heart becomes weakened, enlarged and cannot pump blood efficiently. This decreased function can effect lungs and liver as well.
Electrical Heart Defects
(1) Wolff-Parkinson White Syndrome (WPW): An extra electrical pathway into the heart allows a very abnormal heart rhythm to occur. This problem can be detected on an EKG even when symptoms are not present.
(2) Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is a heart rhythm disorder that can potentially cause fast, chaotic heartbeats. These rapid heartbeats may trigger a sudden fainting spell or seizure. In some cases, your heart may beat erratically for so long that it can cause sudden death. LQTS is genetic and runs in families.
(3) Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD) is a disorder in which normal myocardium is replaced by fibrofatty tissue. This disorder usually involves the right ventricle, but the left ventricle and septum also may be affected.
(4) Brugada Syndrome is a potentially life-threatening heart rhythm disorder. It is characterized by a specific abnormal signal on the EKG. Brugada syndrome is frequently an inherited condition.
Our goal is to screen every middle and upper school student in Delaware.... for FREE!
Each child should have one screening in middle school and one screening in high school. During the screening we will train in both AED and CPR.